Sonatensatz, Scherzo

Sonatensatz, Scherzo

Johannes Brahms

Anne Gastinel's masterclasses

English 27 min Cello

In this cello masterclass, Anne Gastinel and Jungin Huh perfect this piece by focusing on vibratos, accents, and more.

Produced by the Saline royale Academy in November, 2021 at Arc-et-Senans.

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The masterclass

About this masterclass 

In this challenging masterclass, Anne Gastinel and Jugin Huh work together on a piece that was not originally intended for the cello.  Written for the violin and piano, the Violin Sonata No. 1 in G Major, Op. 78 was later transcribed by cellist Valter Dešpalj. While the cello cannot be a violin or piano, the two work together to not only imitate the piano and violin, but to also create something new with the cello. 

They work on refining Huh's performance by incorporating more contrast and vibrato into the work. Fingering, tempo and other elements are also examined in this masterclass.

A few things we learn in this masterclass

  1. Adding more vibrato.
  2. Employing accents. 
  3. Keeping tempo.
  4. Creating contrast. 
  5. Fingering. 
  • Student:Jungin Huh
  • Instruments: Cello
  • Date:03 November 2021
  • Academy:Academy Oct. 31 - Nov. 7, 2021

Sheet music

Aim for excellence! You can improve your skills with expert advice. Download the annotated sheet music of this cello masterclass. Please note that this piece has been annotated in accordance to Anne Gastinel’s feedback and comments.

Anne Gastinel

Anne Gastinel

Anne Gastinel won numerous prizes in major international competitions (Scheveningen, Prague, Rostropovitch) and began to appear all over Europe, making a lasting impact on the general public in the 1990 Eurovision Competition.

Unanimously recognized as an ambassador of the French cello school, she was selected to play for the term of one year: the legendary Matteo Gofriller cello that once belonged to Pablo Casals. In 2006, Anne Gastinel was awarded the Victoire de la Musique in the category of ‘Soloist of the Year’ and ‘Best Recording’

Her career now takes her to perform in the leading venues all over Europe, as well as Japan, China, South Africa, Brazil, Indonesia, Canada, and the United States. She has appeared with great masters such as Yehudi Menuhin, Mstislav Rostropovich, and Kurt Sanderling. As a soloist, she regularly performs with the Orchestre National de France, Orchestre National de Lyon, Hr-Sinfonieorchester (Frankfurt), Orchestre Philharmonique Royal de Liège, Orchestre National Bordeaux Aquitaine, Orchestre Symphonique de Bretagne, among others.

Furthermore, as a chamber musician, she plays with Claire Désert, with whom she has recorded many albums (Poulenc, Franck, Schubert, Schumann…), with the Quatuor Hermès, Nicholas Angelich, Andreas Ottensamer, David Grimal and Philippe Cassard; Xavier Philipps and many other French cellists. For nearly 15 years, her recordings have received the highest distinctions. Her recording (Naïve) dedicated to  Beethoven’s Triple Concerto with Nicholas Angelich, Gil Shaham, Paavo Jarvi and the Hr-Sinfonieorchester received the ‘Choc’ of Classica magazine. Since then, she has continued to explore the extensive cello repertoire with her accomplices.

She has been teaching at the CNSMD of Lyon since 2003.

Sonatensatz, Scherzo

Published nearly 10 years after Brahm’s death, the Scherzo was part of a collective work inspired by fellow composer, Robert Schumann who desired to collaboratively compose a four-movement violin and piano sonata as a gift to his friend and famed violinist, Joseph Joachim. The musician was presented the sheet music during a party hosted by Schumann, where he performed all four movements accompanied by Clara Schumann at the piano. Later, he was challenged to match each movement to a composer, which he accomplished without difficulty.

The sonata includes the work of Robert Schumann, who wrote the the second movement (Intermezzo) and the finale; Albert Dietrich, who composed the first movement in sonata form; and lastly Johannes Brahms who wrote the third movement (Scherzo). The work is entitled F-A-E Sonata because of a personal motto Joachim had adopted in German: "Frei aber einsam" ("Free but lonely” in English). F-A-E are the initials of this motto.


Johannes Brahms

Born in Hamburg, Germany on May 7, 1833, Johannes Brahms was the son of musician Johann Jakob Brahms. Johannes Brahms began his musical education learning the piano, cello, and horn. From the age of 7-years-old, he studied the piano under Otto Friedrich Willibald Cossel.

Composer, pianist, and conductor, Brahms began his career at the end of the classical tradition (approx. 1730-1820) and established himself as a central figure in classical music’s Romantic era. His first concert tour took place in 1853 where he built a deep camaraderie with fellow musician, Robert Schumann.

His first major work presented to the public was Concerto No. 1 for piano and orchestra in D minor, which was performed by himself in Leipzig in 1859. In 1863, he moved to Vienna, where he was appointed conductor of Singakademie (Singing academy), which he would leave only a year later.

By 1868, Brahms achieved fame throughout Europe for the premiere of his renowned work German Requiem. Other notable works by Brahms include but are not limited to: Piano Concerto No. 1 in D minor, op. 15, Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel, op. 24, Piano Quartet No. 1 in G minor, op. 25, Cello Sonata No. 1 in E minor, op. 38 Symphony No. 1 in C minor, op. 68, Violin Concerto in D major, op. 77 Symphony No. 3 in F major, op. 78 Symphony No. 4 in E minor, op. 98, and Cello Sonata No. 2 in F major, op. 99 Quintet with Clarinet in B minor, Op. 115. Brahms has been lauded for his deep understanding of formal construction and his rendering of melodic richness, harmonic complexity, and his mastery to achieve a myriad of moods and atmosphere.

Johannes Brahms passed away on April 3,1897, in Vienna.

Photo credit: Fritz Luckhardt

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