Tzigane

Tzigane

Tzigane

Maurice Ravel

Mihaela Martin's masterclass

Produced by the Saline royale Academy French Music sheet annotated by  Mihaela  Martin  is available 38 min Violin

Mihaela Martin and Iris Scialom address the structure and character of Ravel's oeuvre Tzigane.

Produced by the Saline royale Academy

Back to navigation
Register and access this masterclass for free. No credit card required.

The masterclass

About this masterclass

In this lesson, Professor Mihaela Martin and her student Iris Scialom analyze the piece Tzigane by French composer Maurice Ravel. 

Martin explains that the piece has many structural traps, and the interpretation must be well-timed and logical. Scialom is advised to play powerfully without straining. She must learn how to broaden the sound without exhibiting struggle. Martin underlines that a performance should appear effortless. 

Furthermore, Scialom is encouraged to work on her precision, vibratos, and must be firm in her musical discourse. Phrasing and bowing techniques are also discussed in this masterclass. 

 

What we learn in this masterclass

  1. Learning the structure of the piece.

  2. Developing a warm and firm sound. 

  3. Avoid losing energy. 

  4. Bowing techniques. 

  5. Phrasing. 

Tzigane by Maurice Ravel 

Tzigane is a rhapsodic piece composed by Maurice Ravel in the 1920s and dedicated to Hungarian violinist Jelly d'Arányi, the niece of the famed violinist Joseph Joachim, and premiered in the spring of 1924 in London, England. Originally, the piece was written for the violin, piano, and the optional luthéal, an attachment to the piano that could produce a sound similar to the Hungarian cimbalon. 

The title is inspired by the generic term “gypsy,” which was considered exotic and fashionable at the time. The title is meant to evoke a certain "exoticism" rather than an authentic folk or Roma musical tradition. Some suggest that this piece demonstrates Ravel's ability to mimic the late romantic period. 

 

  • Date:17 February 2021
  • Producer: Produced by the Saline royale Academy
  • Duration:38 min
  • Spoken language:French

Sheet music

Aim for excellence! You can improve your skills with expert advice. Download the annotated sheet music of this violin masterclass. Please note that this piece has been annotated in accordance to Mihaela Martin’s feedback and comments.

Sheet music tzigane

Mihaela Martin

Mihaela  Martin

Won second prize in the International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow, which was followed by further main prizes in Montreal, Sion and Brussels.

Romanian-born artist Mihaela Martin is known as one of the most outstanding violin virtuosos of her generation. She began taking lessons with her father when she was five years old. Later, she studied with Stefan Gheorghiu, a pupil of George Enescu and David Oistrakh. At nineteen, Mihaela Martin won the Second Prize in the International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow, followed by other prominent prizes in Montreal, Sion, and Brussels. Subsequently, her international career was launched after receiving First Prize at the International Violin Competition of Indianapolis.

She has performed with leading orchestras such as the BBC Symphony, the Royal Philharmonic, the Montreal Symphony Orchestra, the Mozarteum Orchestra of Salzburg, and the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. Furthermore, she has worked with conductors such as Kurt Masur, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Charles Dutoit, and Neeme Järvi. Together with Daniel Austrich, Nobuko Imai, and Frans Helmserson, she is a permanent member of the Michelangelo String Quartet, which she cofounded in 2003.

Mihaela Martin is a professor at the University of Music in Cologne and at the Haute Ecole de Musique in Geneva, and has taught at the Académie musicale de Villecroze. In addition, she teaches masterclasses all over the globe. She is a regular jury member at important international competitions, such as the Queen Elisabeth (Belgium), Indianapolis (USA), Enescu (Romania), and Tchaikovsky (Russia).

Ravel

Maurice  Ravel

French composer Maurice Ravel was born in the French southwestern town of Ciboure in 1875. His parents moved to Paris shortly after his birth, and by age seven, Ravel began piano lessons. Five years later, at age twelve, he started composing. He was then admitted to the Conservatoire de Paris as a piano student, but was a very average student; he preferred composition. After graduating from the Conservatoire, he pursued his love for composition and was re-admitted to the prestigious musical institute, studying composition under Fauré.  

In the 1900s, he adapted many of his piano compositions into orchestral works before WWI broke out in Europe. Ravel wanted to join, but was too old, and his health was not optimal. He nonetheless succeeded in being enlisted in 1915 as a lorry driver. The war changed him, like many soldiers who struggled to return to “normal” life. The 1920s were prolific for Ravel, as he composed many of his most famous pieces during that time. By the 1930s, he turned his attention to piano concertos. 

Unfortunately, Ravel was in a traumatic taxi accident in 1932, which was not treated seriously, but seems to have precipitated an underlying cerebral condition. As his mental health deteriorated and the pain grew, he struggled to work and meet deadlines. In 1937, he had surgery to try and relieve some symptoms, but it only had temporary results, as he slipped into a coma soon after and died that same year at age 62.  

Ravel's works list eighty-five works, including many incomplete or abandoned pieces. Among his most successful oeuvres are Boléro, Daphnis et Chloé, Pavane Pour Une Infante Défunte, La Valse, Rhapsodie Espagnole, Gaspard de la nuit, Piano Concerto in G Major and Miroirs. He never married or had children and remained very private about his personal life, sparkling many rumors still unverified to this day. He is considered one of the most influential music figures of the 20th century, along with Debussy and Stravinsky.  

 

Photo credit: BNF

We have found 3 contents about 20th century Violin

We also recommended for you

Video on demand
Choose the video(s) you want to watch.

Your hand-selected videos are available for 3 months.

Available in HD on all your devices (computer, tablet, smartphone).

USD 14.9
Enjoy lower prices after purchasing 5 or more videos. A free video will be offered upon the creation of your account if you have not already benefited from our free trial period.
Subscription
Unlimited access to all our masterclasses.

New masterclasses available every month, in HD quality on all your devices (computer, tablet, smartphone)

Enriched with an analysis of each work and masterclasses, biographies of teachers and composers.

Sheet music annotated by our professors, and ready for download.

Exclusive interviews with the world’s greatest professors.

USD 9.9 USD 29.9 / month
Your subscription is non-binding and can be cancelled at any time.

What will you get

Access to the biggest and richest catalog of classical music masterclasses
Access to the biggest and richest catalog of classical music masterclasses
Learn from the best professors of music, competition’s winners and jury’s members
Learn from the best professors of music, competition’s winners and jury’s members
Keep updated with new videos and classes every month
Keep updated with new videos and classes every month
Benefit from the sheet musics annotated with the teacher’s recommandations
Benefit from the sheet musics annotated with the teacher’s recommandations