Violin Concerto No. 5 in A major, K. 219, 1st, 2nd movements
Violin Concerto No. 5 in A major, K. 219, 1st, 2nd movements
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
In this masterclass, György Pauk and his student Pippa Sieppal work on tempo, bowing techniques, among many other pertinent topics.
Produced by the Saline royale Academy
In this masterclass, György Pauk discusses tempo, character, and phrasing in the first two movements of Mozart’s fifth violin concerto. In both movements, he works with the student to find the right tempo to capture the right style and character of the music. He encourages her to remain in the Classical style rather than becoming too Romantic in quality. Pauk also helps the student create long melodic lines that have a build-up, high point, and decline. This makes the phrasing much more obvious and gives the music a singing quality. Pauk suggests several bowings throughout that will afford the student more ease of playing as well as support the phrase better. Overall, he urges her to play with more dynamic and color contrast and to bring out the lively nature of the music.
Finding the right tempo.
Creating long lines and phrases with high points and releases.
Capturing the lively, singing spirit of the music.
Choosing the correct bowings and amount of bow to use.
Playing in a Classical style.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Concerto No. 5 in A Major premiered during the winter season of 1775 in Salzburg, Austria — a time in the composer’s life of when most of his string concertos were composed. The concerto was written for 2 oboes, strings, and 2 horns and consists of the following movements: the first movement (Allegro apart - Adagio - Allegro aperto); the second movement (Adagio in E Major); and the third movement (Rondeau - Tempo di minuetto).
The first movement begins with the orchestra playing the main theme, which is met with a solo violin, which enters with a short but sweet dolce adagio passage in A Major. The orchestra follows with a simple accompaniment. Next, the piece returns to the main theme, with the solo violin expressing a different melody over the orchestra.
Particularly notable, the aperto markings in this first movement are rarely present in Mozart’s instrumental music and are more commonly found in the composer’s operatic works. These markings suggest that the piece should be played with gaiety and radiance.
Aim for excellence! You can improve your skills with expert advice. Download the annotated sheet music of this violin masterclass. Please note that this piece has been annotated in accordance to György Pauk’s feedback and comments.
First Prize in 1956 at the Niccolò Paganini International Violin Competition in Genoa, Italy.
Recognized as one of the leading violinists of his generation, György Pauk was born in Budapest, Hungary, and received his musical education at the renown Franz Liszt Music Academy. Before settling in London in 1961, he already won First Prize at the Paganini Competition in Genova, The Premier Grand Prix at the Jacques Thibaud Competition in Paris, First Prize at the Munich Sonata Competition, and had performed numerous concerts all over Eastern Europe.
He made his London debut in the Wigmore Hall in 1962, receiving outstanding reviews in the press, followed by his orchestral debut in the Royal Festival Hall, with the London Symphony Orchestra under Lorin Maazel. He made his US debut with the Chicago Symphony at the invitation of Sir George Solti. Likewise, he has performed in all five continents, giving an average of 90 concerts a year alongside many major orchestras, collaborating with conductors like Haitink, Dorati, Barbirolli, Solti, Kondrashin, Boulez, Rattle, Dutoit, Rozdestvensky, Dohnanyi, Colin Davis, and more. What's more, he has appeared, among others, at the Edinburgh, Luzern, Cheltenham, Bath, Hollywood Bowl, Ravinia, Santa Fe, Aspen, Dubrovnik, and Prague Spring Festivals.
He was a regular soloist at the Henry Wood Promenade Seasons at the Albert Hall and made innumerable broadcasts for the BBC. His exceptional rich repertoire, also for chamber music, includes several masterpieces of the 20th Century. He retired from the podium after five decades, playing his last farewell concert with the Budapest Festival Orchestra under their conductor Ivan Fischer in Budapest in 2008.
György Pauk is now professor at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where he conducts a “Performers Class” with selected young talents from all over the world. He has led masterclasses in the US at the following institutions: Curtis, Peabody, Yale, Cleveland, Oberlin, Manhattan School, San Francisco, and Juilliard School, as well as in schools all over China, Japan, Israel and across Europe. He is often invited to juries of many major international violin competitions.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a great child prodigy of Western music and one of the most important musicians of Classicism. He wrote more than six hundred compositions and single-handedly developed and popularized the piano concerto. He was widely recognized during his lifetime, and is still regarded as the most universal composer in the history of classical music.
Born in 1756 to Anna Maria and Leopold Mozart in Salzburg, Austria, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s musical talents were recognized at an early age. By age four, the young prodigy began playing the harpsichord, and by five-years old he was composing pieces. The Mozart family would make several trips throughout Europe to exhibit the young boy and his sister’s sensational virtuosity with the harpsichord and violin.
In later years, Mozart would enjoy a flourishing career in Vienna. He frequently performed as a pianist and was regarded as the most outstanding keyboard player in the city. In addition to his career as a performer, Mozart established himself as a fine composer. In 1782, he wrote the opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail, which was very successful. Other renowned operas written by the rising composer included Le Nozze de Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787), and Cósi fan Tutte (1790).
The death of his father in 1787 may have marked the decline of Mozart’s career. He composed very few works, suffered many financial problems, and in 1791 during a visit in Prague for the premier of his opera La clemenza di Tito, Mozart became very ill. In his final days, Mozart was preoccupied with completing his final oeuvre : Requiem in D Minor, K. 626. Unfortunately, he was unable to complete this piece (it was later finished by his student Franz Xaver Süssmayr) as he passed away on December 5th, 1791 possibly of rheumatic fever, however the official cause is unknown.
Despite Mozart’s tragic early demise, the brilliant instrumentalist and composer left an unparalleled legacy. He was a gifted composer all around and wrote in every major genre including but not limited to symphonies, operas, solo concertos, sonatas, masses and more. His influence is wide and profound, and his music continues to be recognized and celebrated for its ingenuity.