Tzigane

Tzigane

Tzigane

Maurice Ravel

György Pauk's masterclass

Produced by the Saline royale Academy English Subtitles are available in English Music sheet annotated by  György Pauk  is available 46 min Violin

György Pauk and his student work on Tzigane by Maurice Ravel, and makes some observations related to the lengths of notes, dynamics, and rhythmical issues.

Produced by the Saline royale Academy

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The masterclass

About this masterclass

In a very enthusiastic way, at times playing the violin, at others accompanying the student, the master makes several suggestions on various topics: he seeks greater rhythmic precision, makes suggestions on the dynamics, and - making observations on the melody - emphasizes the gypsy character of the music: "That is the F natural and the G sharp, that's the gypsy".
To conclude the class, a phrase from the master serves to understand the degree of detail and precision that he seeks during the class on this brilliant piece by Ravel: “I feel, you know, that this piece is played so many times and it´s played wrongly… and wrong rhythms. You know, when you play what is written, it's really wonderful”.
 

What we learn in this masterclass

  1. According to the master, it is a sad piece

  2. Search for precision in the duration of the notes

  3. Accents must be precise, and must be played where they are written

  4. Gypsy character of the piece

Tzigane by Maurice Ravel

During the 1920s, Maurice Ravel made several tours in England. After one of these concerts, in 1922, he heard the young Hungarian violin virtuoso Jelly D’Aranyi. Following the performance, Ravel spent the remainder of the evening requesting D’Aranyi play numerous gypsy tunes on her violin, probing her on the technical limits of the instrument. The result of this encounter is the virtuoso classic "Tzigane."

  • Date:08 February 2022
  • Producer: Produced by the Saline royale Academy
  • Duration:46 min
  • Spoken language:English
  • Subtitle languages: English

Sheet music

Aim for excellence! You can improve your skills with expert advice. Download the annotated sheet music of this violin masterclass. Please note that this piece has been annotated in accordance to György Pauk’s feedback and comments.

Sheet music tzigane

György Pauk

György Pauk

First Prize in 1956 at the Niccolò Paganini International Violin Competition in Genoa, Italy.

Recognized as one of the leading violinists of his generation, György Pauk was born in Budapest, Hungary, and received his musical education at the renown Franz Liszt Music Academy. Before settling in London in 1961, he already won First Prize at the Paganini Competition in Genova, The Premier Grand Prix at the Jacques Thibaud Competition in Paris, First Prize at the Munich Sonata Competition, and had performed numerous concerts all over Eastern Europe.

He made his London debut in the Wigmore Hall in 1962, receiving outstanding reviews in the press, followed by his orchestral debut in the Royal Festival Hall, with the London Symphony Orchestra under Lorin Maazel. He made his US debut with the Chicago Symphony at the invitation of Sir George Solti. Likewise, he has performed in all five continents, giving an average of 90 concerts a year alongside many major orchestras, collaborating with conductors like Haitink, Dorati, Barbirolli, Solti, Kondrashin, Boulez, Rattle, Dutoit, Rozdestvensky, Dohnanyi, Colin Davis, and more. What's more, he has appeared, among others, at the Edinburgh, Luzern, Cheltenham, Bath, Hollywood Bowl, Ravinia, Santa Fe, Aspen, Dubrovnik, and Prague Spring Festivals.

He was a regular soloist at the Henry Wood Promenade Seasons at the Albert Hall and made innumerable broadcasts for the BBC. His exceptional rich repertoire, also for chamber music, includes several masterpieces of the 20th Century. He retired from the podium after five decades, playing his last farewell concert with the Budapest Festival Orchestra under their conductor Ivan Fischer in Budapest in 2008.

György Pauk is now professor at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where he conducts a “Performers Class” with selected young talents from all over the world. He has led masterclasses in the US at the following institutions: Curtis, Peabody, Yale, Cleveland, Oberlin, Manhattan School, San Francisco, and Juilliard School, as well as in schools all over China, Japan, Israel and across Europe. He is often invited to juries of many major international violin competitions.

Ravel

Maurice  Ravel

French composer Maurice Ravel was born in the French southwestern town of Ciboure in 1875. His parents moved to Paris shortly after his birth, and by age seven, Ravel began piano lessons. Five years later, at age twelve, he started composing. He was then admitted to the Conservatoire de Paris as a piano student, but was a very average student; he preferred composition. After graduating from the Conservatoire, he pursued his love for composition and was re-admitted to the prestigious musical institute, studying composition under Fauré.  

In the 1900s, he adapted many of his piano compositions into orchestral works before WWI broke out in Europe. Ravel wanted to join, but was too old, and his health was not optimal. He nonetheless succeeded in being enlisted in 1915 as a lorry driver. The war changed him, like many soldiers who struggled to return to “normal” life. The 1920s were prolific for Ravel, as he composed many of his most famous pieces during that time. By the 1930s, he turned his attention to piano concertos. 

Unfortunately, Ravel was in a traumatic taxi accident in 1932, which was not treated seriously, but seems to have precipitated an underlying cerebral condition. As his mental health deteriorated and the pain grew, he struggled to work and meet deadlines. In 1937, he had surgery to try and relieve some symptoms, but it only had temporary results, as he slipped into a coma soon after and died that same year at age 62.  

Ravel's works list eighty-five works, including many incomplete or abandoned pieces. Among his most successful oeuvres are Boléro, Daphnis et Chloé, Pavane Pour Une Infante Défunte, La Valse, Rhapsodie Espagnole, Gaspard de la nuit, Piano Concerto in G Major and Miroirs. He never married or had children and remained very private about his personal life, sparkling many rumors still unverified to this day. He is considered one of the most influential music figures of the 20th century, along with Debussy and Stravinsky.  

 

Photo credit: BNF

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