Violin Sonata No. 3 in C major, Adagio and Fugue

Violin Sonata No. 3 in C major, Adagio and Fugue

Violin Sonata No. 3 in C major, Adagio and Fugue

Johann Sebastian Bach

Boris Garlitsky's masterclass

Produced by the Saline royale Academy English Music sheet annotated by  Boris Garlitsky  is available 51 min Violin

Boris Garlitsky and Dymtro Udovychenko examine style and contrasting character, among many more pertinent elements, in this violin masterclass.

Produced by the Saline royale Academy

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The masterclass

About this masterclass

In this masterclass, Boris Garlitsky delves into the details of Bach’s third violin sonata. The knowledge he imparts is not only useful for this sonata, but for solo works by Bach in general. He demonstrates which notes must be stronger versus others that are weaker in order to achieve the right phrasing for the music. Additionally, the professor discusses how to maintain consistency of style while still bringing out the different characters within the music. In the Fugue, which cycles through similar musical material, he encourages the student to stay present and keep the music fresh. Garlitsky challenges the performer to not only incorporate these fine details, but also exaggerate them enough, so the audience can comprehend them.

What we learn in this cello masterclass 

  1. Knowing which notes to emphasize and which to play less.

  2. Feeling the upbeats.

  3. Balancing between the different characters.

  4. Playing for the audience, not oneself, by exaggerating gestures. 

  5. Varying repetitions of the same music.

Violin Sonata No. 3 in C major by Johann Sebastian Bach 

The Sonata No. 3 in C major is part of a set of 6 works composed by Bach in 1720 but was not published until 1802 in Germany. 

Bach’s work helped establish the technical capabilities of a solo violin for generations to come. The Sonata No. 3’s Adagio, is a complex and vibrating piece that requires much of dexterity and nimble fingers on the cords. The musician must be relaxed in order to succeed in this marathon-like piece.

The Fugue begins with a chromatic descending line followed by a stretta. Half way into the piece, many elements are inverted : descending becomes ascending and vice versa. Eventually, all these elements come together at the end. 

  • Composer: Bach
  • Piece:Violin Sonata No. 3 in C major, Adagio and Fugue
  • Professor: Boris Garlitsky
  • Student:Dmytro Udovychenko
  • Instruments: Violin
  • Date:28 October 2020
  • Producer: Produced by the Saline royale Academy
  • Duration:51 min
  • Spoken language:English

Sheet music

Aim for excellence! You can improve your skills with expert advice. Download the annotated sheet music of this violin masterclass. Please note that this piece has been annotated in accordance to Boris Garltisky’s feedback and comments.

Sheet music violin sonata no. 3 in c major, adagio and fugue

Boris Garlitsky

Boris Garlitsky

In 1982 he was the winner of the Premio Paganini in Italy.

Born in Russia, Boris Garlitsky received his first music lessons from his father, the author of the standard textbook for young violinists, “Step by Step”. He studied at the Moscow Conservatory, and debuted as a soloist after winning the Italian Paganini Competition in 1982. Since then, he has played, among others, with the London Philharmonic Orchestra, the Vienna Radio Orchestra, the Chamber Orchestra of Philadelphia, as well as the Milan based Giuseppe Verdi Orchestra and the British Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment.

Garlitsky is an active participant in several international music festivals. He regularly participates in the Pablo Casals Festival in France, mostly Mozart in New York, the London Proms, the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival and Gidon Kremer’s Chamber Music Festival at Lockenhaus in Austria. What’s more, Garlitsky performs for the BBC, Radio France, as well as a number of radio stations in Italy, Russia, and the United States. He has recorded for RCA, Naxos, Chandos and Polymnie. Furthermore, Garlitsky is devoted to chamber music and is a member of the Hermitage String Trio, praised highly in critical reviews.

Presently, Garlitsky is a dedicated educator. He holds a chair at the Folkwang Universität der Künste, Essen (Germany), and offers masterclasses on a yearly basis at the most renowned music institutions, including the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore, Hanns Eisler Musikhochschule in Berlin, and Kronberg Academy.


Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach is undoubtedly one of the most important figures in music history. His incredible creative power, technical mastery, and intellect have made a lasting impression not only on classical music but also on many different modern music genres we know today.

Born in 1685 in Eisenach, Germany, Bach was a member of a very well-known family of musicians. At 18-years-old, he began working in Arnstadt where he accompanied hymns at church. His professional career as a musician would follow in Weimar, where he resided from 1708 to 1717. Here, Bach would deepen his theoretical study of composition and write most of his organ works. Moreover, he composed preludes and fugues that would be part of his collection The Well-Tempered Clavier. After building a considerable reputation in Weimar, Bach moved to Köthen to take a new role as Chapel Master. Writing less religious songs and putting more of a focus on chamber music, his compositions from this time would bring Baroque instrumental music to its pinnacle.

From 1723 until his death in 1750, Bach worked in Leipzig. First, as Thomaskantor at the Thomasschule and later as a private tutor and director of the Collegium Musicum. During this time, Bach worked on creating a repertoire of cantatas for church and revised many of his previous compositions. From 1726 onward, his keyboard works were published. His death in 1750 came to mark the end of the Baroque period and the beginning of Classicism. For many years after his passing, Johann Sebastian Bach’s works were buried with him until they resurfaced many years later and celebrated for their musical ingenuity.

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