Concerto No. 2 in D major, Op. 101, 1st movement, version 1
Concerto No. 2 in D major, Op. 101, 1st movement, version 1
Professor Marc Coppey and his student Matteo Fabi work on adding color and contrast among other elements in this cello masterclass.
Produced by the Saline royale Academy in October, 2021 at Arc-et-Senans.
Marc Coppey and Matteo Fabi examine the dramatic feel of this piece and the significance of delivering more color and contrast. Coppey emphasizes the importance of avoiding repetition. He states, "The composer doesn't repeat himself. That's one of the things of great composers. The harmonic structure is the same, but it doesn't repeat. So we should not repeat either."
Additionally, the two work on matching melodies to the rhythmic pulse, when to crescendo and diminuendo, appoggiaturas, and bowing posture.
The exact creation date of the Concerto No. 2 by Joseph Hadyn was not certain until 2019. Many people claimed that the piece was made in 1783 and that it was specifically created for the famous cellist of that time Antonin Kraft. However, and finally after many years, the research has shown that this information was incorrect. The piece was originally composed in 1784 and first premiered at Hanover Square. There were other speculations that the concerto was initially composed by Kraft himself, yet it was declined in 1951 when the experts found Haydn's autograph score in the original papers.
Concerto No. 2 in D major has three movements - Allegro Moderato, Adagio, and Rondo. In the first movement and with the first sound of the instrument, the audience can immediately experience a sense of relaxation. A second theme building upon the intro theme appears in the development segment, which then returns to the original theme in the recapitulation phase.
The second movement is marked by a change in key: a dominant A major. At some point in this movement, the key of C major is briefly brought in. The final movement is in rondo form and is the shorted of the three movements. The rondo presents passages in the dominant key of A major, which digresses into a more gloomy D minor. Finally, the piece ends with a cheerful conclusion.
Aim for excellence! You can improve your skills with expert advice. Download the annotated sheet music of this cello masterclass. Please note that this piece has been annotated in accordance to Marc Coppey’s feedback and comments.
In 1988 won the two highest prizes of the International Johann Sebastian Bach Competition: the first prize and the special prize for best Bach performance.
Marc Coppey is a critically acclaimed musician and is considered to be one of today’s leading cellists worldwide. Originally from Strasbourg, France, Coppey began his musical training at the Strasbourg Conservatory before attending the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique et de Danse de Paris and the University of Indiana Bloomington. In 1988 at only 18-years-old, Coppey won first prize and special prize for best Bach performance at the International Johann Sebastian Bach Competition in Leipzig, Germany. Since then, Marc Coppey has regularly performed as a soloist with leading orchestras in collaboration with numerous distinguished conductors. Such conductors include but are not limited to: Eliahu Inbal, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Yan-Pascal Tortelier, Emmanuel Krivine, Alan Gilbert, and many more. He appears regularly in some of the most prestigious concert halls across Europe, North and South America, and Asia. In addition to his solo concert career, Marc Coppey is a professor at the Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique et de Danse de Paris and leads masterclasses all over the world. What’s more, Marc Coppey lends his expertise in the arts and is the Artistic Director of the Musicales de Colmar chamber music festival as well as the Musical Director of the Zagrebacki solisti (Zagreb Soloists). In 2014, he was named the Officer des Arts et des Lettres by the French Minister of Culture.
Born in Austria in 1732, Joseph Haydn is widely regarded, along with Mozart and Beethoven, as a bonafide representative of Viennese classicism. He was raised in a musical family with a family of music lovers. At eight-years-old, he was recruited to serve as a choirboy at the Stephansdom in Vienna, Austria. Here, the young musician rehearsed and sang in performances of the most prominent classical music of the time. The experience would fundamentally shape his musical intellect and future.
Joseph Haydn eventually landed a job as a Kapellmeister (Music Director) where he composed his first symphonies and divertimentos. In 1761, his career would continue to flourish after gaining new employment with Prince Paul Anton of Esterházy, and later his brother Prince Nikolaus of Esterházy. Fortunately for the composer, he had the privilege to work with one of the best European orchestras of the time, for which he wrote most of his works. By the 1780s, Haydn’s works were gaining even more popularity and recognition. At times, he was occasionally compared to Mozart.
Prince Nikolaus died in 1790, and his successor, Anton, decided to dissolve the court orchestra led by Haydn. After this, he took up residence in Vienna, and then took the opportunity to make several trips to London, where his music was celebrated by the public.
The composer spent the last years of his life back in Vienna, where he continued to enjoy international recognition until the day of his passing at the age of 77, on May 31, 1809. In spite of his death, Joseph Haydn continued to be regarded as one of the most prolific and important composers of the Classical era. A common characteristic of his music is the evolution of larger structures out of simple and short musical motifs. His works are key to the development of the sonata form, as well as towards the establishment of symphonies. Overall, Joseph Haydn produced an astonishing volume of music including 108 symphonies, 68 string quartets, 32 divertimenti, 126 trios for Barton, viola, and cello; 29 trios for piano, violin, and cello; 21 trios for two violins and cello; 47 piano sonatas; 14 masses, 20 operas; 2 cello concerti; and 6 oratorios.