Violin Concerto No. 3 in G Major K 216, 1st movement
Violin Concerto No. 3 in G Major K 216, 1st movement
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The Royal College of Music presents a phenomenal masterclass on how to effectively conduct an orchestra while performing as a soloist, featuring the highly-acclaimed violinist Maxim Vengerov and his student David Horvat.
Produced by the Royal College of Music in March, 2022 in London, England.
In this masterclass filmed and produced by the Royal College of Music, renowned violinist Maxim Vengerov instructs his student David Horvat on how to effectively conduct an orchestra while performing as a soloist. Vengerov begins the lesson by explaining his student’s principal challenge who, unlike a typical conductor, must face the audience while he simultaneously leads the orchestra behind him.
With these limitations in mind, the pair work on assertive communication through effective body language. From a tilt of the head to dramatic facial expressions, the professor demonstrates how one can successfully guide an orchestra through a performance by cultivating a consistent transmission of ideas and anticipating the movement of a piece.
Anticipating the trajectory of the performance.
Using body language and facial expression to communicate.
Allowing space and avoiding body language that is too subtle to interpret.
Assisting an orchestra navigate a cadenza.
Giving the impression of improvisation.
Composed in Salzburg in 1775, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Violin Concerto No. 3 in G Major, 1st movement is scored for solo violin, strings, two oboes, and two horns in G and D. The first movement Allegro is followed by an Adagio (includes two flutes) and a Rondeau: Allegro.
The first movement is in classic sonata form and very operatic in character. It opens with the orchestra that plays a theme in G major that is bright and jovial. The solo violin and orchestra develop a dialog with one another that is happy and light. This is followed by a modulation to the dominant D major, which shifts to D Minor. After moving to other keys, the piece leads back to the tonic in the recapitulation.
Don’t simplify Mozart.
Aim for excellence! You can improve your skills with expert advice. Download the annotated sheet music of this violin masterclass. Please note that this piece has been annotated in accordance to Maxim Vengerov’s feedback and comments.
Internationally renowned as one of the greatest violinists in the world today, Maxim Vengerov is a highly esteemed soloist and conductor who has performed with all major orchestras around the world including but not limited to the New York Philharmonic, London Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra, and many more.
From an early age of five years old, Vengerov began his career as a solo violinist. He studied with Galina Tourchaninova and Zakhar Bron, and won the notable Wieniawski and Carl Flesch international competition twice at ages ten and fifteen-years-old. From the age of 10-year-old, the violinist began recording with high-profile labels including Melodia, Teldec, and EMI, among others.
In 2010, Vengerov was appointed First Chief Conductor of the Gstaad Festival Orchestra. Despite this prestigious title, the musician continued to advance his education in music by continuing his studies with Yuri Simonov, and graduated as a conductor with a diploma of excellence from the Moscow Institute of Ippolitov-Ivanov. Since then, he has graduated from a two-year program in opera conducting. In addition to his love for learning, Maxim Vengerov is a passionate teacher and has instructed young talent all around the world. He currently holds the Stephan and Viktoria Schmidheiny Stifungsprofessur at the Mozarteum University of Salzburg and since 2016, he is the Polonsky Visiting Professor of Violin at the Royal College of Music in London – a highly reputable music conservatory in the United Kingdom.
His love to inspire children with music was instilled in him early on. In 1997, Vengerov was the first classical musician to be appointed International Goodwill Ambassador by the global non-profit, UNICEF. He performed for disadvantaged children in various communities in Thailand, the Balkans, Turkey, and Uganda. To this day, he is a patron of the MIAGI project in South Africa, which aims to connect children of diverse backgrounds with music. Following this trajectory, the violinist was selected to be the Goodwill Ambassador of the Musica Mundi School as well.
Maxim Vengerov is the recipient of many prestigious awards and fellowships including but not limited to the Royal Academy of Music, Orders of Merit by Romania and Saarland, Germany, and a Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist Performance (with Orchestra) in 2003.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a great child prodigy of Western music and one of the most important musicians of Classicism. He wrote more than six hundred compositions and single-handedly developed and popularized the piano concerto. He was widely recognized during his lifetime, and is still regarded as the most universal composer in the history of classical music.
Born in 1756 to Anna Maria and Leopold Mozart in Salzburg, Austria, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s musical talents were recognized at an early age. By age four, the young prodigy began playing the harpsichord, and by five-years old he was composing pieces. The Mozart family would make several trips throughout Europe to exhibit the young boy and his sister’s sensational virtuosity with the harpsichord and violin.
In later years, Mozart would enjoy a flourishing career in Vienna. He frequently performed as a pianist and was regarded as the most outstanding keyboard player in the city. In addition to his career as a performer, Mozart established himself as a fine composer. In 1782, he wrote the opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail, which was very successful. Other renowned operas written by the rising composer included Le Nozze de Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787), and Cósi fan Tutte (1790).
The death of his father in 1787 may have marked the decline of Mozart’s career. He composed very few works, suffered many financial problems, and in 1791 during a visit in Prague for the premier of his opera La clemenza di Tito, Mozart became very ill. In his final days, Mozart was preoccupied with completing his final oeuvre : Requiem in D Minor, K. 626. Unfortunately, he was unable to complete this piece (it was later finished by his student Franz Xaver Süssmayr) as he passed away on December 5th, 1791 possibly of rheumatic fever, however the official cause is unknown.
Despite Mozart’s tragic early demise, the brilliant instrumentalist and composer left an unparalleled legacy. He was a gifted composer all around and wrote in every major genre including but not limited to symphonies, operas, solo concertos, sonatas, masses and more. His influence is wide and profound, and his music continues to be recognized and celebrated for its ingenuity.